Construction management involves the administration of a project, starting from conceptualization to completion. It is a complex process and involves multiple tasks and goals.
An experienced construction manager will be able to accomplish most of the above mentioned tasks, while keeping other related aspects such as management, finances, sales, accounting, marketing, planning, and project organisation to a minimum. The responsibility of managing a construction project lies on the supervisor. The supervisor’s duties include:
Planning the project to achieve results. Most project managers decide on the scope of the project and plan the project to ensure that its objectives are met. They may also be involved in ensuring that the budget is set and that all necessary permits are obtained. Once these tasks have been completed, the supervisor’s next task would be to oversee the progress of the project and supervise the design phase.
Planning the project according to the needs of the client. Any project is nothing but a request for resources. This means that the initial project owner must determine how many resources the client needs. It can also mean determining the extent of the project’s scope, the impact the project has on the environment, etc.
Project authoring. This involves preparing the design and constructing the structural elements of the project. The project management system provides both the technical and personnel resources needed to initiate the project, manage the design phase, prepare drawings, perform a detailed cost analysis, and so on.
Financial project management. In financial project management, financial resources are used to fund the project. However, some projects need additional financial resources. This involves building accounts and systems for financial statement preparation and accounting tasks.
In supervising the project, the supervisor may also appoint project consultants, such as environmental consultants and cost estimators. These consultants may help in identifying resources for a project, while achieving project goals. It may also help the supervisor in estimating costs and estimating project timelines.
Before any project is started, a number of factors need to be considered. These may include site conditions, degree of compliance with laws and regulations, user-agent compatibility, available equipment, as well as cost. The supervisor and his/her team should have a good knowledge of these issues to avoid problems.
While it is not mandatory for project management, good communication skills are necessary. It is one of the most important aspects of the management of a construction project.
Properly managing the project also requires the ability to monitor progress of the project. This is very essential in construction management.
There are three common approaches to project management, the matrix approach, the IBC approach, and the multistate approach. Matrix approach involves the use of a centralized source of information regarding project details, which is an important feature in construction management.
The IBC approach is based on a central management database where different components of the project are stored. Multi-state approach is used to manage construction projects.