What exactly is the pre-construction stage of a construction job? In simple terms, the pre-construction stage encompasses all the preparatory activities associated with a construction job. Simply put, from the time a project starts till the time you’re finally ready to begin construction you’re in the pre-construction stage. This article will focus on some of the key things to take care with during this crucial stage:
* Physical Construction – This encompasses everything from digging to laying down foundations. From the physical stage to the actual construction projects, everything has to be carried out in order to make good on the contract. It is during this time that contractors and subcontractors need to verify the dimensions they have been given, as well as verifying that the relevant permits are in order. The goal of this stage is to ensure that all construction projects are following all building codes and that safety is a top priority. At this point, contractors can also receive updates on any pre-existing construction projects.
* Legal Aspects – From the legal standpoint, all construction begins with a permit application. It’s at this point where a contractor must inform the client of all permits they require for the job and provide a written bid to support their bids. This is also where a contractor would seek pre-approval from their client for all necessary permits. This is also where an attorney would be needed to ensure all documentation is in order. In the event that the pre-approval is denied, or the client decides not to proceed with the project, the attorney would again be needed to make the necessary counter offers to get the construction permits through the proper channels.
* Preliminary Schedule – Once all permits and documents are in place, it is time to put together the schedule for the construction. This schedule will be used by both the contractor and the client to determine the timeline, materials, and other specifics. To prepare this schedule, many companies will need to rely on outside sources such as other clients, the builder’s association, the city, county, and state, and even financial experts. In general, once this schedule is complete, the client can go back to the contractor and ask for changes or modifications that would fit into the schedule.
* Project Estimating & Cost Estimating – Now that the preliminary construction is completed and the schedule is in place, the contractor and the client can start discussing the cost and scope of the project. It is at this point that the cost estimating begins. While cost estimating doesn’t always require a contract, most major construction projects will involve one when a contractor determines the overall budget and the range of prices for the project. Cost estimating ensures that the final cost estimate meets or exceeds the budgeted amount, and if the budget is exceeded, adjustments will need to be made to the scope of the project.
* Project Implementation – While everything is being done correctly, the client can expect the completion of many things during the pre-construction stage. Most importantly, all the necessary permits must be obtained and all required documents reviewed. As soon as these steps are complete, the contractor can then move onto the implementation phase of the project. Some projects will have an on-site coordinator, while others will involve hiring a sub-contractor for the task. Regardless of who is doing the work, it is done properly so that there are no problems later on. When everything is done correctly, the schedule for the construction can be released and the contractor can move onto the next part of the project.
* Finalization & Certification – Once all the required tasks are completed, it is time to submit the schedule for construction completion and certification. In order for a builder to know if the construction has been done correctly, he or she must look at the certificate. This will provide proof that the project has been done correctly by a third party. If the certificate is not submitted, the builder may find that some elements of the construction were not done correctly and that he or she will need additional approval for the elements. Some examples include the addition of covered patio, the deck, or other features that are added to a home after it has been built.
As you can see, there are many things that a builder should do during the preparation process. In most cases, he or she has already done most of the planning, so the scheduling process is very straightforward and easy to handle. A good contractor will be able to make an accurate schedule based on the schedule that was created during the base framing and remodeling stages.